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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

4 edition of The Respiratory burst and its physiological significance found in the catalog.

The Respiratory burst and its physiological significance

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  • 7 Currently reading

Published by Plenum Press in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Phagocytes -- Metabolism.,
  • Cell respiration.,
  • Active oxygen -- Physiological effect.,
  • Phagocytosis.,
  • Oxygen Consumption.,
  • Phagocytes -- physiology.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies and index.

    Statementedited by Anthony J. Sbarra and Robert R. Strauss.
    ContributionsSbarra, Anthony J., Strauss, Robert R.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQR185.8.P45 R47 1988
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxxi, 476 p. :
    Number of Pages476
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2045454M
    ISBN 100306428830
    LC Control Number88022476

    Respiratory system, the system in living organisms that takes up oxygen and discharges carbon dioxide in order to satisfy energy requirements. In the living organism, energy is liberated, along with carbon dioxide, through the oxidation of molecules containing carbon. Phagocytosis (from Ancient Greek φαγεῖν (phagein), meaning 'to eat', and κύτος, (kytos), meaning 'cell') is the process by which a cell uses its plasma membrane to engulf a large particle (≥ μm), giving rise to an internal compartment called the is one type of endocytosis.

    This book consists of 23 essays about prominent people and events in the history of respiratory physiology. It provides a first-hand chronicle of the advancements made in respiratory physiology starting with Galen and the beginnings of Western physiology. The volume covers many aspects of the evolution of this important area of knowledge. Start studying Chapter 18 - Respiratory SG Questions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage.. The respiratory tract is the site of an exceptionally large range of disorders for three. M. A. Torres and J. L. Dangl, “Functions of the respiratory burst oxidase in biotic interactions, abiotic stress and development,” Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. –, View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar; M. Sagi and R. Fluhr, “Superoxide production by plant homologues of the gp91phox NADPH oxidase.


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The Respiratory burst and its physiological significance Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. Edition by A.J. Sbarra (Author) ISBN It is becoming apparent that the respiratory burst has much wider application, and its physiological function in many different biolog­ ical areas is clear.

In this volume, we have attempted to bring together the work of experts who have published extensively on the involvement of the respiratory burst in different physiological functions.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Respiratory burst and its physiological significance. New York: Plenum Press, © (OCoLC) Get this from a library.

The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance. [Anthony J Sbarra; Robert R Strauss] -- When phagocytes are exposed to a number of different stimuli, they undergo dra­ matic changes in the way they process oxygen.

Oxygen. Respiratory burst is defined as the increase in cell metabolism and oxygen consumption, coupled with the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

The principal product of the respiratory burst is superoxide (O 2 −), which dismutates into more reactive ROS, including H 2 O 2, the hydroxyl radical (OH −), and hyopohalous acids.

from book The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance (pp) The Respiratory Burst of Phagocytes Chapter January with 84 Reads.

Abstract. The activation of a transient burst of cellular respiration was first studied using the system of fertilization as developed in the early part of this century by Warburg, 1,2 Shearer, 3 and others. Biochemists were attracted to the fertilized egg as a key to cellular mechanisms, for the response of an egg to the fertilizing sperm is one of the most dramatic events in biology.

The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance. Romeo D (eds): Movement, Metabolism and Bactericidal Mechanisms of Phagocytes. Padua, Piccin Medical Books,p Bellavite P. () The Respiratory Burst of Phagocytes.

In: Sbarra A.J., Strauss R.R. (eds) The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance. Springer. conference proceedings at all in book form. Halliwell The Respiratory Burst and its Physiological Significance; Edited by A.J.

Sbarra and R.R. Strauss; Plenum Press, New York &d L&don, ; xxi + pages; $ (f60 approx.) When phagocytes are exposed to appropriate stimuli. Sbarra / Strauss, The Respiratory Burst and Its Physiological Significance,Buch, Bücher schnell und portofrei.

Respiratory burst (or oxidative burst) is the rapid release of the reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide anion (O − 2) and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2), from different cell types. This is usually utilised for mammalian immunological defence, but also plays a role in cell atory burst is also implicated in the ovum of animals following fertilization.

Abstract. The respiratory burst of phagocytic cells uses electron transfer to produce a series of highly reactive toxic oxygen metabolites.

This process is accompanied by a complex pattern of ion redistribution between the cell and its environment and among subcellular compartments. Anthony W. Segal, in Encyclopedia of Immunology (Second Edition), Clinical features. The respiratory burst of phagocytes is required for the optimal killing of a wide variety of bacteria and fungi.

In its absence the microbes are engulfed but killing is impaired. This manifests in the patients in an increased frequency of infection, predominantly in the reticulo endothelial system. Author(s): Sbarra,Anthony J; Strauss,Robert R Title(s): The Respiratory burst and its physiological significance/ edited by Anthony J.

Sbarra and Robert R. Strauss. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: New York: Plenum Press, c The superoxide-forming respiratory burst oxidase of human neutrophils is composed of membrane-associated catalytic components and cytosolic constituents required for oxidase activation.

This brief review suggests that: 1) hydrogen peroxide and superoxide, but not the hydroxyl radical, function as second messengers; 2) antioxidant enzymes function in the “turn‐off” phase of signal transduction; 3) the chemistry of thiols is critical in redox signaling; and 4) the primary physiological role of the respiratory burst in.

The human respiratory system is a series of organs responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide. The primary organs of the respiratory. Physiology is the study of how a living organism functions and the main causes and attributes of its functions.

Human physiology is primarily concerned with how the human body functions. Respiratory physiology is a subcategory of human physiology that studies the respiratory system of the human body as well as breathing patterns, oxygen. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology (RESPNB) publishes original articles and invited reviews concerning physiology and pathophysiology of respiration in its broadest sense.

Although a special focus is on topics in neurobiology, high quality papers in respiratory molecular and cellular biology are also welcome, as are high-quality papers in traditional areas, such as. Neutrophil respiratory burst assays.

WSTreducing activity was evaluated essentially as described (Tan and Berridge ).In short, 1×10 6 cells were resuspended in 1 ml μM WST-1 in HBSS.

Cells were incubated at 37° C for 15 min and centrifuged at g for 5 min; the supernatant was then transferred to a cuvette and absorbance at nm quantified. Haemoglobin Physiological role: The main function of erythrocytes is carried out by means of haemoglobin.

Normal range of haemoglobin: In men - g/L In women - g/L Compounds of haemoglobin Physiological associations of haemoglobin: Oxyhemoglobin: Oxygen combines weakly with the haemoglobin molecule.

Some peptide toxins act by stabilizing the voltage sensor domains (VSDs) of voltage-gated channels in open or closed conformations. hHv1 is a human voltage-gated proton channel and has lacked a specific inhibitor to assess its roles in physiology.

We designed a phage-display library of 1 million novel peptides sharing an inhibitor cysteine knot (ICK) scaffold by combining elements of .Human Physiology/The respiratory system 3 Inspiration Inspiration is initiated by contraction of the diaphragm and in some cases the intercostals muscles when they receive nervous impulses.

During normal quiet breathing, the phrenic nerves stimulate the diaphragm to .